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Cornish Rex

Cornish Rex Cat

Family: Felidae Cornish Rex, Cornish Rex Cat, whiteFelis domesticusPhoto © Animal-World: Courtesy Justin Brough
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My Cornish Rex is only 3 months old and has an absolutely hilarious and goofy personality while being extremely cute and lovable at the same time. I got him from a... (more)  Kori

The Cornish Rex Cat is a very unique looking breed, delicately built but very athletic!

The Cornish Rex is a gentle, friendly cat that makes it a good family pet. The great pet qualities of this breed are highlighted by the appearance of its short wavy looking coat. It stands out from other cat breeds because its coat is primarily made up of soft down hairs, its undercoat. and it has virtually no awn or guard hairs. This breeds coat requires very little maintenance. Despite the downy undercoat, an interesting fact about this breed is that it is less likely than other cat breeds to cause an allergic reaction in people who are allergic to cats.

Cornish Rex cats have an interesting body shape. They have a long slender body and tail, and long slender legs, but they are muscular and heavy around the hips. The head is triangular shaped with two big, oval shaped eyes, a long nose, and large ears. This cat requires little grooming and does not shed very much. In fact, it is important not to over-groom a Cornish Rex. The wavy coat pattern is encouraged with firm stroking, yet too much brushing can cause bald spots.

A social cat, the Cornish Rex enjoys being around people and other animals. It is a gentle, loving cat that bonds to the whole family. This cat breed is agile and playful, and enjoys being active. Some say that it is a lap cat, while others say that it prefers play to cuddling. It likes being indoors and does very well when kept inside, in fact it does not handle extremes of heat or cold. Still it does enjoy going outside to run around when the weather is mild. The Cornish Rex is also talkative and has a voice similar to the Siamese, but is not as high-pitched.

The Cornish Rex started out as a mutation breed cat. It originated in 1950 as a spontaneous genetic mutation from typical farm cats in Cornwall, England. Later it was selectively bred with a variety of other cat breeds including the Burmese, Siamese, Russian Blue, and British Shorthairs to improve its stamina. Its name came from a combination of the town Cornwall, and from the curly pattern of its coat. This similar curly pattern is seen in Rex Rabbits. Thus the name Cornish and Rex. The Cornish Rex appears to be very similar to the Devon Rex, but these two breeds do not have the same gene that's responsible for their curly coats. On the other hand, it is closely related to the German Rex, which does share the same curly-coat gene.The Cornish Rex is currently found in England, the United States, and Australia.

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  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Mammalia
  • Order: Carnivora
  • Family: Felidae
  • Genus: Felis
  • Species: domesticus

Background The Cornish Rex originated from a spontaneous genetic mutation in a litter of typical farm cats born on July 21st 1950 in Cornwall, England. The first Cornish rex was named Kallibunker and his mother was Serena. He was a red tabby with an unusual curly coat. The owner, Mrs. Nina Ennismore, bred Kallibunker with his mother, which produced two more curly coated kittens. Continued breeding established the Cornish Rex breed.

The breed was given its name because it originated in Cornwall and Mrs. Ennismore believed that its coat was similar to the coat of Rex Rabbits. However, if a Rex Rabbit was found to have a curly coat, it was considered faulty. A more accurate name would have been Asterex, the name of another breed of rabbit that is known for its wavy fur. Despite this discrepancy, "Cornish Rex" has prevailed as the name for this breed.

The Cornish Rex was recognized as an official breed in America in 1964 and in Britain in 1967. Sadly, there was a lack of enthusiasm for this breed in its early years, and its father, Kallibunker, and most of the other Cornish Rexes were put to sleep in 1956. Mrs. Ennismore had acquired 40 cats and could not afford to keep all of them, so most of them were destroyed. Thankfully, enough of them were saved to preserve the breed.

Since this breed was known for a lack of stamina, it was selectively bred with Burmese, Siamese, Russian Blue, and British Shorthairs. The Cornish Rex is closely related to the German Rex. They share the same curly-coat gene. While the Cornish Rex appears to be very similar to the Devon Rex, they do not share the same gene for their curly coats.

Description The Cornish Rex is known for its unique coat. At first glance, it just looks like this breed has a wavy coat. However, it is distinct from other breeds in that it has a short and wavy coat with no guard hairs. The average cat has down hairs (the undercoat) and awn hairs and guard hairs (the top coat). The Cornish rex has few awn hairs and no guard hairs, making his coat mostly comprised of down hairs. These hairs are thinner than other cats' hairs, being only about 60 percent of the thickness of the average cat hair. This fact, along with the fact that they are mostly down hairs, makes the Cornish Rex's coat very delicate and soft. All colors and patterns are accepted in this breed. Some examples include Red, Shaded Silver, Blue Smoke, Brown Patched Tabby, Calico, Blue-Cream, and Van Bi-color.

The Cornish Rex has a small to medium sized body. The torso is long and slender, while the hips are heavy and muscular. The back is naturally arched. This breed has a medium sized head that is triangular and longer than it is wide. The eyes are medium to large sized and oval in shape. The nose is long and the ears are large. The whiskers and eyebrows are crinkled. The legs and tail are long and slender. This cat weighs about 6 to 10 pounds. Males are larger than females. Its lifespan is 12 to 15 years.

Glossary terms:

  • Down Hairs: The fine, fluffy hairs that are closest to the skin of the animal and comprise the undercoat.
  • Awn Hairs: The hairs that are longer than the down hairs and shorter than the guard hairs that help protect the down
    hairs and provide insulation. They are a part of the top-coat.
  • Guard Hairs: The longer, coarse hairs that help protect the undercoat and are a part of the top-coat.

Care and Feeding The Cornish Rex enjoys meat over other food groups. However, it does not require a special diet.

Housing Your Cat Due to its delicate coat, this breed does not fare well in extreme weather conditions. It should be kept out of extreme heat and cold and should be provided with extra warmth when it is cold inside. The Cornish Rex enjoys being indoors, and can be kept as an apartment cat. It is also an active breed, so it enjoys time outdoors in mild weather.

Maintenance The Cornish Rex requires minimal grooming. Excessive brushing can cause bald spots to develop. Firm stoking of the coat can promote the wavy pattern.

Social Behaviors This is a social breed. It enjoys being around people and animals. Its gentle and friendly nature makes it a good family cat. It has been described as "individualistic", though it likes playing and being around others.

Activities The Cornish Rex is active and playful. It enjoys playing, so it should be provided with toys and a scratching post indoors.

Breeding/Reproduction This breed should only be bred with the same breed. Litters contain 3 to 6 kittens. Cornish Rex females are excellent mothers.

Common Health Problems This breed is somewhat fragile, due to its delicate coat. Its coat is more easily damaged than other breeds' coats and it has little protection from hot and cold weather. However, it is a generally healthy cat with a long life-span. The first Cornish Rexes were known to have little stamina, but they were bred with other breeds to improve the stock. The current Cornish Rex is an active, agile cat that has no problem with stamina.

Availability This breed can be found from breeders on the internet or in your local area. The price of a Cornish Rex ranges from about $200 to $1200.

References

Author: Ruth Bratcher
Lastest Animal Stories on Cornish Rex Cats

Kori - 2010-05-31
My Cornish Rex is only 3 months old and has an absolutely hilarious and goofy personality while being extremely cute and lovable at the same time. I got him from a wonderful cattery called Texas Rexes and he is black with white markings and a white mask. His name is Ridin' Solo but I call him Solo for short, sometimes I also refer to him as Little Solito (haha!). He is very insistent when it comes to meowing in order to get what he wants. I love when he gets into his sleepy/snuggly moods, but he's it's also very amusing to play with him. He is just a great kitten all around.

Reply
leopold - 2010-03-08
I think my Cornish rex has more bald spots right now than before, has this ever happen to you? do you know the cause?

  • lee - 2011-03-01
    My vet told me that due to the fact that rexs are missing that extra layer of fur, when they go through normal shedding cycles, it is much more noticeable to us. Wait and see if it doesn't grow back in. My newest rex was practically bald as a kitten, then had fur, and as he ages, seems to be going back to the sphynx look, with a mohawk across his back. Odd, but cute. I feed him the best so guess it's just his pattern.
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mary - 2010-10-12
We recently got a 3 year old Cornish Rex. We rescued her from the OSPCA. She's a wonderful cat. The only thing is that she does not have that much fur. She looks more like a Sphynx cat. Any one know why? But all in all she a wonderful cat!

  • Jami - 2011-02-01
    Do not be concerned, cornish rex hair length and quantity can very greatly from cat to cat, plus the general nature of rex hair makes it more delicate. My own rex is also relatively hairless, however hers is due to over grooming. Some rex's naturally are mostly bald or have only a very light, soft layer of fur known as felt. Since your cat is a rescue it is also possible that poor diet/housing may be a factor and with time and improved nutrition a thicker coat may grow in.
  • dan hamel - 2011-10-24
    I got my 3 year old about 6 months ago and her hair was dull and very little of it but now she runs the house and her hair is wonderful and very full looks like a different cat. Eveyone who saw her when I first got her can't believe it's the same cat. Maybe love food and time will help.
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Marjorie Jumisco - 2010-12-08
My darling Cornish, Luther, has suddenly developed brown pigment spots in one eye. He is 6 years old. Does anyone know if this is harming his eye?

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Martha - 2013-05-10
My cornish rex is 5 yrs. old. He has a bad skin problems. He scratches him self tell he bleeds. Does anyone else have this problem? If so can you help? Because my Vet. sure cant.

  • Clarice Brough - 2013-05-10
    Skin problems are most often related to diet in this breed. A deficiency in vitamin E can cause eczema, rashes, and even hair loss. Some Cornish Rex Cats also need regular bathing. Cats have normal oily secretions on their skin. Like all cats, the Rex can get a buildup of sebaceous secretions, but its hair is too short to absorb them as with ordinary cats. It can make the coat look greasy and can cause skin problems. The amount of bathing varies with each individual, some need a weekly bath while other can go for months in between baths. Hope this helps.
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